The complete process of creating a program may involve creating a budget, developing a script, designing a set, hiring creative talent, and rehearsing lines before filming takes place. After filming, the post-production process may consist of the addition of music, sound, and optical effects and video editing.
According to Clayton Hutson , the three fundamental forms of television programs are nonfictional, fictional, and live television. Fictional programs consist of situation comedies, daytime soap operas, dramatic series, and motion pictures made for television, together with the mini-series (a compound-part movie). The basic reality or nonfictional programs include talk shows, game shows, news, and magazine shows. Live television is commonly restricted to awards shows, sports, news coverage, and numerous network daily talk shows.
The Production Team
The personnel concerned with the production of a television program include creative talent such as directors, actors, writers, and producers as well as mechanical crew members such as electrical technicians, camera operators, and sound technicians.
The executive producer like Clayton Hutson is accountable for the complete project and is generally the individual who envisions the project and sells it to the network. The executive producer bears final liability for the budget and all inventive personnel, including the line producer, writer, director, and foremost cast members. The line producer reports to the executive producer and is accountable for the budget, shooting schedule, crew, and all production logistics.
The writer or writers build up the script for each show. They often work during rehearsals and preproduction to correct problems encountered by the directors or actors, or to revise for production or budgetary considerations.
The director helps choose locations, actors, and the visual blueprint of the production, such as the wardrobe and style of sets. Additionally, the director is accountable for all camera movements as well as the performances of the actors. After filming, the director amends the videotape to construct what is identified as a director’s cut.
To portray a character, actors work under the direction of the director. Performers include newscasters, talk-show hosts, and sports announcers. Performers and actors are chosen by the producer and most try-outs to earn their part. Once they are hired, actors learn by rote their lines from a script and generally participate in a rehearsal before the agenda is filmed, or shot.
The production manager is in command of all physical production essentials, including crew, equipment, and location. The assistant directors report to the executive and are accountable for controlling the set, managing the additional, and normally carrying out the director’s requirements. The cinematographer, who operates the camera, is accountable for lighting the set and the movement and care of the camera.
Videotape production entails a technical director, who is accountable for video recording, and video engineers, who are in charge of the quality and maintenance of the electronic tools and their output. The development of videotape made most live entertainment programming superfluous and not worth the hazard of making mistakes on the space.